The relationship between personality and health is often researched. In this current study, the interactions between personality, as measured by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory, and physical therapy rehabilitation were observed. Sixteen participants rehabilitating from surgery participated in the study. Participants were assessed with the NEO PI-R, the Health Attributions Test, and a fitness survey created specifically for this study. Their predicted and actual rehabilitation times were measured as well. Results show that although the hypothesized relationships between rehabilitation time and the Big 5 personality traits of Extroversion and Conscientiousness are not significant, there is a trend between rehabilitation time and Neuroticism. However, this trend was hypothesized to be negative, and was found to be positive. Several facets of Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, and Agreeableness were found to significantly correlate with rehabilitation time as well.