Cross-cultural learning in Haiti teaches students gratitude
by Melanie Zuercher
NORTH NEWTON, KAN – The first thing Bethel College nursing students who traveled to Haiti before Christmas received was culture shock.
But what they brought home was gratitude.
Six seniors in the nursing program, their professor, Geri Tyrell, and a seventh Bethel student, sophomore Erin Regier, Newton, traveled to Hinche, Haiti, Dec. 10-18, immediately after fall semester final exams.
Regier is involved in an education initiative in Hinche that Bethel, HOPE International Development Agency-USA and Don Fast of Newton-based HUDDLE Inc., an education consulting business, are cooperating in. She had planned to go there at fall break, in October, but couldn’t get her paperwork completed in time.
Tyrell has taken several groups of nursing students to Haiti but she hadn’t intended to do it in December 2013 because she and Doug Siemens, associate professor of education, are taking a group there in January.
“These students approached me,” she says, adding that their commitment to taking the trip convinced her to agree to lead the extra one.
For all the nursing students, it was their first trip out of the country for anything other than a vacation. They had heard stories from Tyrell, instructor Laura Prahm and other students who’d been to Hôpital Ste. Therese in Hinche, where Bethel graduate Wildy Mulatre is a health-care administrator.
“We expected them not to have the resources we do or to use the practices we’ve learned,” says Naura Harlow, Park City, Kan.
“But it was worse than we expected,” adds Scott Musgrave, McPherson, Kan.
“If someone gets hurt, it’s not if they get an infection, it’s when,” says Erin Hilger, Colwich, Kan.
Sometimes there were resources that went untapped. Ashley Morris, Viola, Kan., recalled a patient with high blood pressure. “There were blood pressure meds in the storage room,” she says, “but no one knew how to use them.”
The students met a 3-year-old boy who had a serious foot injury after being hit by a car. He had been in the hospital two months and had to have a dressing change every other day, without any pain medication first, which the students say was hard to watch.
“We taught him how to cough and do deep breathing to help clear his lungs, since he sat in bed all day,” says Harlow.
“The care is focused on getting the task done – it’s not holistic [the way we’ve learned],” says Alexis Renteria, Wichita.
However, Lacy Smith, Wichita, noted that “coming into the nursing program, we probably had a lot of the same attitudes” as the health-care workers at Hôpital Ste. Therese, many of whom are still students.
“It was just different there,” says Renteria. “They did CPR wrong.”
But Smith responds, “It’s not wrong, just not how we do it. It was effective.”
“For the resources they had, and what they’d learned, [the care] was amazing,” adds Harlow.
“One thing I found positive,” says Musgrave, “was that since there wasn’t a cafeteria [or food service], families would bring the food, and they would bring it for others [not in their family]. They always made sure everyone had food, even if it wasn’t much.”
The Haitian health-care workers “are very resourceful,” says Smith. “We might feel they shouldn’t reuse things, but they only had what they had. They think we’re wasteful.” (The group brought their own supplies, such as gloves, so as not to deplete the hospital’s scarce resources, and left everything they didn’t use behind.)
“As bad off as some of the kids were, they really smiled a lot,” Renteria says. “Of course, part of it was seeing foreigners, and we gave them suckers. But they were in pretty good spirits – I wouldn’t have been, after two months in the hospital.”
The group stayed with the Mulatre family and experienced a Kréyol church service as well as having time to explore the town of Hinche.
They were very comfortable at the Mulatre home, the students say, but still returned with new gratitude for “air conditioning, water bottles and hot showers.”
In Hinche, they especially appreciated the park. “There were kids and parents all around, playing volleyball, basketball, soccer,” says Smith.
“It was the life of the community,” says Harlow, and Smith adds, “It was an outdoor community center.”
“I would sit down and instantly be surrounded by kids,” Renteria recalls.
The Bethel students also enjoyed their contact with the nurses at the hospital, which was more successful than in the past, Tyrell says.
“On the first day, it was ‘Oh, here are those crazy white people again,’” she says, “but then we went to their class in the evening, and they got a better idea what we were doing. There was more engagement.
“Here in the U.S., the holistic aspect of nursing is important,” she adds. “We struggled with communication, but our translator did a great job helping us make contact. There was a lot of nonverbal communication to let people know we cared.”
The students agreed that “wanting to experience a different culture” was a primary motivation for going to Haiti, and that it made them appreciate the training and resources they have available.
“I wanted to see a different health-care system,” says Hilger. “Until you see [for yourself], you can’t understand or be grateful for what we have here.”
“I take a lot of things for granted,” says Renteria. “I’ve always been able to provide what I need and want for myself and my son. I hoped I would come back a little less selfish.”
“I hope we were able to do some of God’s work, to give back,” says Musgrave.
“The experience will really settle in for me when I’m back in clinicals, seeing what I have available compared to what they didn’t in Hinche,” says Harlow (the six seniors are currently taking their general education capstone class, Basic Issues of Faith and Life, in interterm).
“I highly recommend anyone who can to go,” Smith says. “I’m going to take so much of what I learned [in Hinche] into my nursing practice.” Renteria adds, “It really makes you grow as a person.”
“‘Happy’ is relative,” says Tyrell. “It’s not always measured in money.”
Bethel College is the only private, liberal arts college in Kansas listed in the 2013-14 Forbes.com analysis of top colleges and universities in the United States, and is the highest-ranked Kansas college in the Washington Monthly annual college guide for 2013-14. The four-year liberal arts college is affiliated with Mennonite Church USA. For more information, see www.bethelks.edu.